Memorandum of Conversation,1976,H. Kissinger,Gr FM Bitsios et al, on Cyprus Invasion, Gr-Tr Relations

MICHAEL RUBIN: Judge Ankara by its actions not its words

Michael Rubin is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute.

“Frankly, Erdogan has little use for US-Turkey bilateral ties. He despises the United States and its liberal political culture, and believes he can achieve what he needs by directly cultivating the US president. This worked with Bush, Obama and Trump, but the utility of that strategy may be ending.”

George Voskopoulos, Transatlantic Relations, Alliance Theory and the Limits of Soft Power: A Realist Perspective, The IUP Journal of International Relations, Vol. V, No. 3, July 2011,