Israel – Greece Defence Cooperation

The Israel & Hellenic Ministries of Defense have signed the biggest defense agreement to date between Israel and Greece. It amounts to around NIS 5.4 billion and includes the establishment of an International Flight Training Center for the Hellenic Air Force, by @ElbitSystemsLtd

Within the framework of the agreement, Elbit Systems will provide kits to upgrade & operate the Hellenic Air Force’s T-6 aircraft. Elbit will also provide training, simulators & logistical support.


Turkish Hyper-Activity Reverberates Throughout the Middle East

Institute for Contemporary Affairs

Founded jointly with the Wechsler Family Foundation

Vol. 20, No. 20

Turkish Hyper-Activity Reverberates Throughout the Middle East
  • In recent months, Turkey has increased its efforts to enhance its position as a regional power following in the path of the Ottoman Empire, adopting daring measures that border on megalomania at home, in the region, and internationally.
  • A video with distinct nationalistic themes was recently broadcast by the Turkish Ministry of Information. The film is entitled, “The Red Apple [kizil elma],” which is a Turkish cultural concept describing Turkey’s ambition to achieve superpower status. Beyond the context of Turkey’s religious battles in Istanbul, the Turkish video also displays a troubling appetite for Jerusalem and Saudi Arabia’s holy sites in Mecca and Medina.
  • In the Persian Gulf, where Qatar is at odds with the Emirates and other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Turkey has allied itself with Qatar. Some 5,000 Turkish soldiers are stationed in Qatar to help Doha protect itself and deter enemies.
  • Turkey also displays considerable hyper-activity in Palestinian and Israeli issues. Turkey stands in solidarity with Hamas, Turkey’s partner and protégé in the Muslim Brotherhood camp. Turkish citizenship and passports were granted to a “dozen” Hamas activists, including convicted terrorists.1
  • For the United States, Turkey’s military acquisitions present a problem. Erdoğan’s determination to acquire Russia’s advanced S-400 anti-aircraft missile system forced the United States to cancel a deal to supply F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft to Turkey.
  • Do not underestimate President Erdoğan’s ability to utilize Turkey’s strategic assets to advance his bold strategies. To prevent Erdoğan from provocations against Israel, it must be made clear to him the limits to the actions that Israel is willing to tolerate.

The Turkey -Hamas Nexus and Turkish Geopolitics: ontology, causation and security implications

George Voskopoulos

T. Erdogan’s policy vis-à-vis Hamas has been constructed on a multi dimensional, multilayer, multi-objective axis. These mixed, interconnectedmotivational elements bear ideological, religious and strategic traits magnifiedby a Neo-ottoman legacy. The Turkey – Hamas axis has been built on amultifaceted, multi-link patron-client Muslim Brotherhood relationship. Itmakes part of an overall political, strategic and religious mega-planning in themaking that will allow Turkey to gain influence in a geopolitical crossroadswhere the Ottoman Empire operated as an eminence grise before the signingof the 1916 Sykes Picot Agreement. The article will approach theseinterconnected issues through IR tools such as “explaining” and“understanding” with a view to providing a causational approach to Turkey’sinternational behaviour.
Keywords: Turkey, Hamas, terrorism, Israel, Palestine, Turkish geopolitics,Muslim Brotherhood, Middle East geopolitics

The U.S. Peace Plan: A Return to the Rabin Doctrine of Defensible Borders

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

The U.S. Peace Plan: A Return to the Rabin Doctrine of Defensible Borders

  • The U.S. peace plan offers a return to the security-first approach of former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and, specifically, the concept of defensible borders.
  • On Jan. 29, 2020, Shimon Sheves, former Director-General of Prime Minister Rabin’s office, told Israel Army Radio, “The Trump plan is essentially the Rabin plan” and a “continuation of Rabin’s legacy.” Journalist Ben Caspit, writing in Maariv, called it “a modern incarnation of Rabin’s plan from 25 years ago.”
  • During the ratification of the Oslo Interim Accords at the Knesset on Oct. 5, 1995, Rabin declared: “The borders of the State of Israel during the permanent solution will be beyond the lines that existed before the Six Day War. We will not return to the June 4, 1967 lines.”
  • Rabin continued: “The security border of the State of Israel will be located in the Jordan Valley in the broadest sense of that term.” He emphasized that Jerusalem would remain Israel’s united capital. Regarding the Palestinian entity, Rabin told the Knesset, “We would like this to be an entity that is less than a state, and which will independently run the lives of the Palestinians under its authority.”
  • The defensible borders concept was first formally outlined following the 1967 war by Gen. Yigal Allon, who presented it to Western audiences in Foreign Affairs in 1976. He posited that Israel needed to retain a topographical barrier to defend itself from attacks from the east. Allon insisted on Israel annexing the entire Jordan Rift Valley, including the hilly terrain facing eastwards toward Jordan, as well as the Jordan Valley below.
  • The U.S. peace plan means Israel is being asked to take unprecedented risks by living next to a sovereign Palestinian state in a Middle East plagued by radical regimes and failed states. That is why defensible borders are critical to guarantee Israel’s security.’

The U.S. Peace Plan: A Return to the Rabin Doctrine of Defensible Borders