The Turkey -Hamas Nexus and Turkish Geopolitics: ontology, causation and security implications

George Voskopoulos

Abstract
T. Erdogan’s policy vis-à-vis Hamas has been constructed on a multi dimensional, multilayer, multi-objective axis. These mixed, interconnectedmotivational elements bear ideological, religious and strategic traits magnifiedby a Neo-ottoman legacy. The Turkey – Hamas axis has been built on amultifaceted, multi-link patron-client Muslim Brotherhood relationship. Itmakes part of an overall political, strategic and religious mega-planning in themaking that will allow Turkey to gain influence in a geopolitical crossroadswhere the Ottoman Empire operated as an eminence grise before the signingof the 1916 Sykes Picot Agreement. The article will approach theseinterconnected issues through IR tools such as “explaining” and“understanding” with a view to providing a causational approach to Turkey’sinternational behaviour.
Keywords: Turkey, Hamas, terrorism, Israel, Palestine, Turkish geopolitics,Muslim Brotherhood, Middle East geopolitics

Turkey as a Terrorism-Sponsoring State

The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center

Turkey allows Hamas to conduct terrorist activities from its territory, including the handling of terrorist squads in Judea and Samaria and the transfer of funds to Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip to finance terrorism.

Turkey as a Terrorism-Sponsoring State: Turkey allows Hamas to conduct terrorist activities from its territory, including the handling of terrorist squads in Judea and Samaria and the transfer of funds to Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip to finance terrorism.